Marble

StereographicProjection.cpp
1 // SPDX-License-Identifier: LGPL-2.1-or-later
2 //
3 // SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2014 Torsten Rahn <[email protected]>
4 //
5 
6 // Local
7 #include "StereographicProjection.h"
8 #include "AbstractProjection_p.h"
9 
10 #include "MarbleDebug.h"
11 
12 // Marble
13 #include "ViewportParams.h"
14 #include "GeoDataPoint.h"
15 #include "GeoDataLineString.h"
16 #include "GeoDataCoordinates.h"
17 #include "MarbleGlobal.h"
18 #include "AzimuthalProjection_p.h"
19 
20 #include <QIcon>
21 #include <qmath.h>
22 
23 #define SAFE_DISTANCE
24 
25 namespace Marble
26 {
27 
28 class StereographicProjectionPrivate : public AzimuthalProjectionPrivate
29 {
30  public:
31  explicit StereographicProjectionPrivate( StereographicProjection * parent );
32 
33  Q_DECLARE_PUBLIC( StereographicProjection )
34 };
35 
37  : AzimuthalProjection( new StereographicProjectionPrivate( this ) )
38 {
39  setMinLat( minValidLat() );
40  setMaxLat( maxValidLat() );
41 }
42 
43 StereographicProjection::StereographicProjection( StereographicProjectionPrivate *dd )
44  : AzimuthalProjection( dd )
45 {
46  setMinLat( minValidLat() );
47  setMaxLat( maxValidLat() );
48 }
49 
50 StereographicProjection::~StereographicProjection()
51 {
52 }
53 
54 
55 StereographicProjectionPrivate::StereographicProjectionPrivate( StereographicProjection * parent )
56  : AzimuthalProjectionPrivate( parent )
57 {
58 }
59 
61 {
62  return QObject::tr( "Stereographic" );
63 }
64 
66 {
67  return QObject::tr( "<p><b>Stereographic Projection</b> (\"orthogonal\")</p><p>Applications: Used for planetary cartography, geology and panorama photography.</p>" );
68 }
69 
71 {
72  return QIcon(QStringLiteral(":/icons/map-globe.png"));
73 }
74 
75 qreal StereographicProjection::clippingRadius() const
76 {
77  return 1;
78 }
79 
81  const ViewportParams *viewport,
82  qreal &x, qreal &y, bool &globeHidesPoint ) const
83 {
84  const qreal lambda = coordinates.longitude();
85  const qreal phi = coordinates.latitude();
86  const qreal lambdaPrime = viewport->centerLongitude();
87  const qreal phi1 = viewport->centerLatitude();
88 
89  qreal cosC = qSin( phi1 ) * qSin( phi ) + qCos( phi1 ) * qCos( phi ) * qCos( lambda - lambdaPrime );
90  // Prevent division by zero
91  if (cosC <= 0) {
92  globeHidesPoint = true;
93  return false;
94  }
95 
96  qreal k = 1 / (1 + cosC);
97 
98  // Let (x, y) be the position on the screen of the placemark..
99  x = ( qCos( phi ) * qSin( lambda - lambdaPrime ) ) * k;
100  y = ( qCos( phi1 ) * qSin( phi ) - qSin( phi1 ) * qCos( phi ) * qCos( lambda - lambdaPrime ) ) * k;
101 
102  x *= viewport->radius();
103  y *= viewport->radius();
104 
105  const qint64 radius = clippingRadius() * viewport->radius();
106 
107  if (x*x + y*y > radius * radius) {
108  globeHidesPoint = true;
109  return false;
110  }
111 
112  globeHidesPoint = false;
113 
114  x += viewport->width() / 2;
115  y = viewport->height() / 2 - y;
116 
117  // Skip placemarks that are outside the screen area
118  return !(x < 0 || x >= viewport->width() || y < 0 || y >= viewport->height());
119 }
120 
122  const ViewportParams *viewport,
123  qreal *x, qreal &y,
124  int &pointRepeatNum,
125  const QSizeF& size,
126  bool &globeHidesPoint ) const
127 {
128  pointRepeatNum = 0;
129  globeHidesPoint = false;
130 
131  bool visible = screenCoordinates( coordinates, viewport, *x, y, globeHidesPoint );
132 
133  // Skip placemarks that are outside the screen area
134  if ( *x + size.width() / 2.0 < 0.0 || *x >= viewport->width() + size.width() / 2.0
135  || y + size.height() / 2.0 < 0.0 || y >= viewport->height() + size.height() / 2.0 )
136  {
137  return false;
138  }
139 
140  // This projection doesn't have any repetitions,
141  // so the number of screen points referring to the geopoint is one.
142  pointRepeatNum = 1;
143  return visible;
144 }
145 
146 
147 bool StereographicProjection::geoCoordinates( const int x, const int y,
148  const ViewportParams *viewport,
149  qreal& lon, qreal& lat,
150  GeoDataCoordinates::Unit unit ) const
151 {
152  const qint64 radius = viewport->radius();
153  // Calculate how many degrees are being represented per pixel.
154  const qreal centerLon = viewport->centerLongitude();
155  const qreal centerLat = viewport->centerLatitude();
156  const qreal rx = ( - viewport->width() / 2 + x );
157  const qreal ry = ( viewport->height() / 2 - y );
158  const qreal p = qMax( qSqrt( rx*rx + ry*ry ), qreal(0.0001) ); // ensure we don't divide by zero
159  const qreal c = 2 * qAtan2( p , radius );
160  const qreal sinc = qSin(c);
161 
162  lon = centerLon + qAtan2( rx*sinc , ( p*qCos( centerLat )*qCos( c ) - ry*qSin( centerLat )*sinc ) );
163 
164  while ( lon < -M_PI ) lon += 2 * M_PI;
165  while ( lon > M_PI ) lon -= 2 * M_PI;
166 
167  lat = qAsin( qCos(c)*qSin(centerLat) + (ry*sinc*qCos(centerLat))/p );
168 
169  if ( unit == GeoDataCoordinates::Degree ) {
170  lon *= RAD2DEG;
171  lat *= RAD2DEG;
172  }
173 
174  return true;
175 }
176 
177 }
A 3d point representation.
qreal height() const const
A base class for the Gnomonic and Orthographic (Globe) projections in Marble.
QString description() const override
Returns a short user description of the projection that can be used in tooltips or dialogs.
qreal longitude(GeoDataCoordinates::Unit unit) const
retrieves the longitude of the GeoDataCoordinates object use the unit parameter to switch between Rad...
QString name() const override
Returns the user-visible name of the projection.
A public class that controls what is visible in the viewport of a Marble map.
qreal latitude(GeoDataCoordinates::Unit unit) const
retrieves the latitude of the GeoDataCoordinates object use the unit parameter to switch between Radi...
StereographicProjection()
Construct a new StereographicProjection.
Binds a QML item to a specific geodetic location in screen coordinates.
bool screenCoordinates(const GeoDataCoordinates &coordinates, const ViewportParams *params, qreal &x, qreal &y, bool &globeHidesPoint) const override
Get the screen coordinates corresponding to geographical coordinates in the map.
virtual qreal minValidLat() const
Returns the minimum (southern) latitude that is mathematically defined and reasonable.
Unit
enum used constructor to specify the units used
bool geoCoordinates(const int x, const int y, const ViewportParams *params, qreal &lon, qreal &lat, GeoDataCoordinates::Unit unit=GeoDataCoordinates::Degree) const override
Get the earth coordinates corresponding to a pixel in the map.
QIcon icon() const override
Returns an icon for the projection.
virtual qreal maxValidLat() const
Returns the maximum (northern) latitude that is mathematically defined and reasonable.
QString tr(const char *sourceText, const char *disambiguation, int n)
qreal width() const const
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