QCPColorGradient

Search for usage in LXR

Public Types

enum  ColorInterpolation { ciRGB, ciHSV }
 
enum  GradientPreset {
  gpGrayscale, gpHot, gpCold, gpNight,
  gpCandy, gpGeography, gpIon, gpThermal,
  gpPolar, gpSpectrum, gpJet, gpHues
}
 
enum  NanHandling {
  nhNone, nhLowestColor, nhHighestColor, nhTransparent,
  nhNanColor
}
 

Public Member Functions

 QCPColorGradient ()
 
 QCPColorGradient (GradientPreset preset)
 
void clearColorStops ()
 
QRgb color (double position, const QCPRange &range, bool logarithmic=false)
 
ColorInterpolation colorInterpolation () const
 
void colorize (const double *data, const QCPRange &range, QRgb *scanLine, int n, int dataIndexFactor=1, bool logarithmic=false)
 
void colorize (const double *data, const unsigned char *alpha, const QCPRange &range, QRgb *scanLine, int n, int dataIndexFactor=1, bool logarithmic=false)
 
QMap< double, QColorcolorStops () const
 
QCPColorGradient inverted () const
 
int levelCount () const
 
void loadPreset (GradientPreset preset)
 
QColor nanColor () const
 
NanHandling nanHandling () const
 
bool operator!= (const QCPColorGradient &other) const
 
bool operator== (const QCPColorGradient &other) const
 
bool periodic () const
 
void setColorInterpolation (ColorInterpolation interpolation)
 
void setColorStopAt (double position, const QColor &color)
 
void setColorStops (const QMap< double, QColor > &colorStops)
 
void setLevelCount (int n)
 
void setNanColor (const QColor &color)
 
void setNanHandling (NanHandling handling)
 
void setPeriodic (bool enabled)
 

Protected Member Functions

bool stopsUseAlpha () const
 
void updateColorBuffer ()
 

Protected Attributes

QVector< QRgb > mColorBuffer
 
bool mColorBufferInvalidated
 
ColorInterpolation mColorInterpolation
 
QMap< double, QColormColorStops
 
int mLevelCount
 
QColor mNanColor
 
NanHandling mNanHandling
 
bool mPeriodic
 

Detailed Description

Defines a color gradient for use with e.g. QCPColorMap.

This class describes a color gradient which can be used to encode data with color. For example, QCPColorMap and QCPColorScale have setGradient methods which take an instance of this class. Colors are set with setColorStopAt(double position, const QColor &color) with a position from 0 to 1. In between these defined color positions, the color will be interpolated linearly either in RGB or HSV space, see setColorInterpolation.

Alternatively, load one of the preset color gradients shown in the image below, with loadPreset, or by directly specifying the preset in the constructor.

Apart from red, green and blue components, the gradient also interpolates the alpha values of the configured color stops. This allows to display some portions of the data range as transparent in the plot.

How NaN values are interpreted can be configured with setNanHandling.

The constructor QCPColorGradient(GradientPreset preset) allows directly converting a GradientPreset to a QCPColorGradient. This means that you can directly pass GradientPreset to all the setGradient methods, e.g.:

The total number of levels used in the gradient can be set with setLevelCount. Whether the color gradient shall be applied periodically (wrapping around) to data values that lie outside the data range specified on the plottable instance can be controlled with setPeriodic.

Definition at line 4698 of file qcustomplot.h.

Member Enumeration Documentation

◆ ColorInterpolation

Defines the color spaces in which color interpolation between gradient stops can be performed.

See also
setColorInterpolation
Enumerator
ciRGB 

Color channels red, green and blue are linearly interpolated.

ciHSV 

Color channels hue, saturation and value are linearly interpolated (The hue is interpolated over the shortest angle distance)

Definition at line 4707 of file qcustomplot.h.

◆ GradientPreset

Defines the available presets that can be loaded with loadPreset. See the documentation there for an image of the presets.

Enumerator
gpGrayscale 

Continuous lightness from black to white (suited for non-biased data representation)

gpHot 

Continuous lightness from black over firey colors to white (suited for non-biased data representation)

gpCold 

Continuous lightness from black over icey colors to white (suited for non-biased data representation)

gpNight 

Continuous lightness from black over weak blueish colors to white (suited for non-biased data representation)

gpCandy 

Blue over pink to white.

gpGeography 

Colors suitable to represent different elevations on geographical maps.

gpIon 

Half hue spectrum from black over purple to blue and finally green (creates banding illusion but allows more precise magnitude estimates)

gpThermal 

Colors suitable for thermal imaging, ranging from dark blue over purple to orange, yellow and white.

gpPolar 

Colors suitable to emphasize polarity around the center, with blue for negative, black in the middle and red for positive values.

gpSpectrum 

An approximation of the visible light spectrum (creates banding illusion but allows more precise magnitude estimates)

gpJet 

Hue variation similar to a spectrum, often used in numerical visualization (creates banding illusion but allows more precise magnitude estimates)

gpHues 

Full hue cycle, with highest and lowest color red (suitable for periodic data, such as angles and phases, see setPeriodic)

Definition at line 4729 of file qcustomplot.h.

◆ NanHandling

Defines how NaN data points shall appear in the plot.

See also
setNanHandling, setNanColor
Enumerator
nhNone 

NaN data points are not explicitly handled and shouldn't occur in the data (this gives slight performance improvement)

nhLowestColor 

NaN data points appear as the lowest color defined in this QCPColorGradient.

nhHighestColor 

NaN data points appear as the highest color defined in this QCPColorGradient.

nhTransparent 

NaN data points appear transparent.

nhNanColor 

NaN data points appear as the color defined with setNanColor.

Definition at line 4717 of file qcustomplot.h.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

◆ QCPColorGradient() [1/2]

QCPColorGradient::QCPColorGradient ( )

Constructs a new, empty QCPColorGradient with no predefined color stops. You can add own color stops with setColorStopAt.

The color level count is initialized to 350.

Definition at line 16541 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ QCPColorGradient() [2/2]

QCPColorGradient::QCPColorGradient ( GradientPreset  preset)

Constructs a new QCPColorGradient initialized with the colors and color interpolation according to preset.

The color level count is initialized to 350.

Definition at line 16558 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

Member Function Documentation

◆ clearColorStops()

void QCPColorGradient::clearColorStops ( )

Clears all color stops.

See also
setColorStops, setColorStopAt

Definition at line 16983 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ color()

QRgb QCPColorGradient::color ( double  position,
const QCPRange range,
bool  logarithmic = false 
)

This method is used to colorize a single data value given in position, to colors. The data range that shall be used for mapping the data value to the gradient is passed in range. logarithmic indicates whether the data value shall be mapped to a color logarithmically.

If an entire array of data values shall be converted, rather use colorize, for better performance.

The returned QRgb has its r, g and b components premultiplied with alpha (see QImage::Format_ARGB32_Premultiplied).

Definition at line 16834 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ colorize() [1/2]

void QCPColorGradient::colorize ( const double *  data,
const QCPRange range,
QRgb *  scanLine,
int  n,
int  dataIndexFactor = 1,
bool  logarithmic = false 
)

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It differs from the above function only in what argument(s) it accepts.

This method is used to quickly convert a data array to colors. The colors will be output in the array scanLine. Both data and scanLine must have the length n when passed to this function. The data range that shall be used for mapping the data value to the gradient is passed in range. logarithmic indicates whether the data values shall be mapped to colors logarithmically.

if data actually contains 2D-data linearized via [row*columnCount + column], you can set dataIndexFactor to columnCount to convert a column instead of a row of the data array, in scanLine. scanLine will remain a regular (1D) array. This works because data is addressed data[i*dataIndexFactor].

Use the overloaded method to additionally provide alpha map data.

The QRgb values that are placed in scanLine have their r, g, and b components premultiplied with alpha (see QImage::Format_ARGB32_Premultiplied).

Definition at line 16705 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ colorize() [2/2]

void QCPColorGradient::colorize ( const double *  data,
const unsigned char *  alpha,
const QCPRange range,
QRgb *  scanLine,
int  n,
int  dataIndexFactor = 1,
bool  logarithmic = false 
)

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It differs from the above function only in what argument(s) it accepts.

Additionally to the other overload of colorize, this method takes the array alpha, which has the same size and structure as data and encodes the alpha information per data point.

The QRgb values that are placed in scanLine have their r, g and b components premultiplied with alpha (see QImage::Format_ARGB32_Premultiplied).

Definition at line 16761 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ inverted()

QCPColorGradient QCPColorGradient::inverted ( ) const

Returns an inverted gradient. The inverted gradient has all properties as this QCPColorGradient, but the order of the color stops is inverted.

See also
setColorStops, setColorStopAt

Definition at line 16995 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ loadPreset()

void QCPColorGradient::loadPreset ( GradientPreset  preset)

Clears the current color stops and loads the specified preset. A preset consists of predefined color stops and the corresponding color interpolation method.

The available presets are:

Definition at line 16874 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ setColorInterpolation()

void QCPColorGradient::setColorInterpolation ( QCPColorGradient::ColorInterpolation  interpolation)

Sets whether the colors in between the configured color stops (see setColorStopAt) shall be interpolated linearly in RGB or in HSV color space.

For example, a sweep in RGB space from red to green will have a muddy brown intermediate color, whereas in HSV space the intermediate color is yellow.

Definition at line 16637 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ setColorStopAt()

void QCPColorGradient::setColorStopAt ( double  position,
const QColor color 
)

Sets the color the gradient will have at the specified position (from 0 to 1). In between these color stops, the color is interpolated according to setColorInterpolation.

See also
setColorStops, clearColorStops

Definition at line 16624 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ setColorStops()

void QCPColorGradient::setColorStops ( const QMap< double, QColor > &  colorStops)

Sets at which positions from 0 to 1 which color shall occur. The positions are the keys, the colors are the values of the passed QMap colorStops. In between these color stops, the color is interpolated according to setColorInterpolation.

A more convenient way to create a custom gradient may be to clear all color stops with clearColorStops (or creating a new, empty QCPColorGradient) and then adding them one by one with setColorStopAt.

See also
clearColorStops

Definition at line 16612 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ setLevelCount()

void QCPColorGradient::setLevelCount ( int  n)

Sets the number of discretization levels of the color gradient to n. The default is 350 which is typically enough to create a smooth appearance. The minimum number of levels is 2.

Definition at line 16587 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ setNanColor()

void QCPColorGradient::setNanColor ( const QColor color)

Sets the color that NaN data is represented by, if setNanHandling is set to ref nhNanColor.

See also
setNanHandling

Definition at line 16662 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ setNanHandling()

void QCPColorGradient::setNanHandling ( QCPColorGradient::NanHandling  handling)

Sets how NaNs in the data are displayed in the plot.

See also
setNanColor

Definition at line 16651 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ setPeriodic()

void QCPColorGradient::setPeriodic ( bool  enabled)

Sets whether data points that are outside the configured data range (e.g. QCPColorMap::setDataRange) are colored by periodically repeating the color gradient or whether they all have the same color, corresponding to the respective gradient boundary color.

As shown in the image above, gradients that have the same start and end color are especially suitable for a periodic gradient mapping, since they produce smooth color transitions throughout the color map. A preset that has this property is gpHues.

In practice, using periodic color gradients makes sense when the data corresponds to a periodic dimension, such as an angle or a phase. If this is not the case, the color encoding might become ambiguous, because multiple different data values are shown as the same color.

Definition at line 16682 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ stopsUseAlpha()

bool QCPColorGradient::stopsUseAlpha ( ) const
protected

Returns true if the color gradient uses transparency, i.e. if any of the configured color stops has an alpha value below 255.

Definition at line 17009 of file qcustomplot.cpp.

◆ updateColorBuffer()

void QCPColorGradient::updateColorBuffer ( )
protected

Updates the internal color buffer which will be used by colorize and color, to quickly convert positions to colors. This is where the interpolation between color stops is calculated.

Definition at line 17024 of file qcustomplot.cpp.


The documentation for this class was generated from the following files:
This file is part of the KDE documentation.
Documentation copyright © 1996-2022 The KDE developers.
Generated on Fri Aug 12 2022 04:01:01 by doxygen 1.8.17 written by Dimitri van Heesch, © 1997-2006

KDE's Doxygen guidelines are available online.