Kstars

ksalmanac.h
1/*
2 SPDX-FileCopyrightText: 2009 Prakash Mohan <prakash.mohan@kdemail.net>
3
4 SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
5*/
6
7#pragma once
8
9#include "skyobjects/kssun.h"
10#include "skyobjects/ksmoon.h"
11#include "kstarsdatetime.h"
12
13/**
14 *@class KSAlmanac
15 *
16 *A class that implements methods to find sun rise, sun set, twilight
17 *begin / end times, moon rise and moon set times.
18 *
19 *@short Implement methods to find important times in a day
20 *@author Prakash Mohan
21 *@version 1.0
22 */
23
24class GeoLocation;
25
27{
28 public:
29 /**
30 *@brief KSAlmanac constructor initializing an almanac for the current KStarsData::Instance geolocation and time.
31 */
32 KSAlmanac();
33
34 /**
35 *@brief KSAlmanac constructor initializing an almanac for an arbitrary geolocation and time.
36 *@param midnight is the midnight date and time to consider as beginning of the day at the "geo" location.
37 *@param geo is the GeoLocation to use for this almanac, defaulting to the KStarsData::Instance geolocation.
38 *@note if the timespec of midnight is local time, its UTC value at the geolocation "geo" will be used instead.
39 */
40 KSAlmanac(const KStarsDateTime &midnight, const GeoLocation *geo = nullptr);
41
42 /**
43 *@short Get/set the date for computations to the given date.
44 *@param utc_midnight and local_midnight are the midnight date and time to consider as beginning of the day at the geo_ location, either UTC or local.
45 *@note The time must be the local time midnight of the day the almanac is required for, so that
46 * resulting ephemerides are calculated around that time.
47 *@note These functions are not merged into a single timespec-aware one for backwards compatilibity.
48 */
49 /** @{ */
51 void setDateFromLT(const KStarsDateTime &local_midnight) { setDate(geo->LTtoUT(local_midnight)); }
52 KStarsDateTime getDate() const { return dt; }
53 /** @} */
54
55 /**
56 *@short Set the location for computations to the given location
57 *@param geo_ The location to set for computations
58 */
59 void setLocation(const GeoLocation *geo_);
60
61 /**
62 *All the functions returns the fraction of the day given by getDate()
63 *as their return value
64 */
65 inline double getSunRise() const { return SunRise; }
66 inline double getSunSet() const { return SunSet; }
67 inline double getMoonRise() const { return MoonRise; }
68 inline double getMoonSet() const { return MoonSet; }
69 inline double getDuskAstronomicalTwilight() const { return DuskAstronomicalTwilight; }
70 inline double getDawnAstronomicalTwilight() const { return DawnAstronomicalTwilight; }
71
72 /**
73 *These functions return the max and min altitude of the sun during the course of the day in degrees
74 */
75 inline double getSunMaxAlt() const { return SunMaxAlt; }
76 inline double getSunMinAlt() const { return SunMinAlt; }
77
78 /**
79 *@return the moon phase in degrees at the given date/time. Ranges is [0, 180]
80 */
81 inline double getMoonPhase() const { return MoonPhase; }
82
83 /**
84 *@return get the moon illuminated fraction at the given date/time. Range is [0.,1.]
85 */
86 inline double getMoonIllum() const { return m_Moon.illum(); }
87
88 inline QTime sunRise() const { return SunRiseT; }
89 inline QTime sunSet() const { return SunSetT; }
90 inline QTime moonRise() const { return MoonRiseT; }
91 inline QTime moonSet() const { return MoonSetT; }
92
93 /**
94 *@short Convert the zenithal distance of the sun to fraction of the day
95 *@param z Zenithal angular distance
96 *@return Time as a fraction of the day, at which the zenithal distance is attained by the sun
97 *@note This is accurate only for zenithal angles close to sunset. TODO: Make this more accurate
98 */
99 double sunZenithAngleToTime(double z) const;
100
101 private:
102 void update();
103
104 /**
105 * This function computes the rise and set time for the given SkyObject. This is done in order to
106 * have a common function for the computation of the Sun and Moon rise and set times.
107 */
108 void RiseSetTime(SkyObject *o, double *riseTime, double *setTime, QTime *RiseTime, QTime *SetTime);
109
110 /**
111 * Compute the dawn and dusk times in a [-12,+12] hours around the day midnight of this KSAlmanac, if any, as well as min and max altitude.
112 * - If the day midnight of this KSAlmanac is during astronomical night time, dusk will be before dawn.
113 * - If the day midnight of this KSAlmanac is during twilight or day time, dawn will be before dusk.
114 * - If there is no astronomical night time, dawn and dusk will be set to the time of minimal altitude of the Sun.
115 * - If there is no twilight or day time, dawn and dusk will be set to the time of minimal altitude of the Sun.
116 */
117 void findDawnDusk(double altitude = -18.0);
118
119 /**
120 * Computes the moon phase at the given date/time
121 */
122 void findMoonPhase();
123
124 /**
125 * FIXME: More code duplication!
126 * findAltitude should really be part of KSEngine. Copying from ObservingList.
127 * returns in degrees
128 */
129 double findAltitude(const SkyPoint *p, double hour);
130
131 KSSun m_Sun;
132 KSMoon m_Moon;
134
135 const GeoLocation *geo { nullptr };
136 double SunRise { 0 };
137 double SunSet { 0 };
138 double MoonRise { 0 };
139 double MoonSet { 0 };
140 double DuskAstronomicalTwilight { 0 };
141 double DawnAstronomicalTwilight { 0 };
142 double SunMinAlt { 0 };
143 double SunMaxAlt { 0 };
144 double MoonPhase { 0 };
145 QTime SunRiseT, SunSetT, MoonRiseT, MoonSetT, DuskAstronomicalTwilightT, DawnAstronomicalTwilightT;
146};
Contains all relevant information for specifying a location on Earth: City Name, State/Province name,...
Definition geolocation.h:28
A class that implements methods to find sun rise, sun set, twilight begin / end times,...
Definition ksalmanac.h:27
double sunZenithAngleToTime(double z) const
Convert the zenithal distance of the sun to fraction of the day.
double getMoonPhase() const
Definition ksalmanac.h:81
double getSunMaxAlt() const
These functions return the max and min altitude of the sun during the course of the day in degrees.
Definition ksalmanac.h:75
void setDate(const KStarsDateTime &utc_midnight)
Get/set the date for computations to the given date.
double getMoonIllum() const
Definition ksalmanac.h:86
double getSunRise() const
All the functions returns the fraction of the day given by getDate() as their return value.
Definition ksalmanac.h:65
void setLocation(const GeoLocation *geo_)
Set the location for computations to the given location.
KSAlmanac()
KSAlmanac constructor initializing an almanac for the current KStarsData::Instance geolocation and ti...
Definition ksalmanac.cpp:13
Provides necessary information about the Moon.
Definition ksmoon.h:26
double illum() const
Definition ksmoon.h:49
Child class of KSPlanetBase; encapsulates information about the Sun.
Definition kssun.h:24
Extension of QDateTime for KStars KStarsDateTime can represent the date/time as a Julian Day,...
Provides all necessary information about an object in the sky: its coordinates, name(s),...
Definition skyobject.h:42
The sky coordinates of a point in the sky.
Definition skypoint.h:45
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