QCA

md5crypt.cpp

The code below shows how to calculate an md5crypt based password. This code is compatible with the glibc code.

/*
Copyright (C) 2007 Carlo Todeschini - Metarete s.r.l. <[email protected]>
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
*/
/*
Algorithm inspired by Vladimir Silva's "Secure Java apps on Linux using
MD5 crypt" article
(http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/library/l-md5crypt/)
*/
#include <QCoreApplication>
#include <QtCrypto>
#include <QtDebug>
#include <cstdio>
#ifdef QT_STATICPLUGIN
#include "import_plugins.h"
#endif
QString to64(long v, int size)
{
// Character set of the encrypted password: A-Za-z0-9./
QString itoa64 = QStringLiteral("./0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz");
QString result;
while (--size >= 0) {
result.append(itoa64.at((int)(v & 0x3f)));
v = v >> 6;
}
return result;
}
int byte2unsigned(int byteValue)
{
int integerToReturn;
integerToReturn = (int)byteValue & 0xff;
return integerToReturn;
}
QString qca_md5crypt(const QCA::SecureArray &password, const QCA::SecureArray &salt)
{
QCA::SecureArray finalState, magic_string = "$1$";
// The md5crypt algorithm uses two separate hashes
QCA::Hash hash1(QStringLiteral("md5"));
QCA::Hash hash2(QStringLiteral("md5"));
// MD5 Hash #1: pwd, magic string and salt
hash1.update(password);
hash1.update(magic_string);
hash1.update(salt);
// MD5 Hash #2: password, salt, password
hash2.update(password);
hash2.update(salt);
hash2.update(password);
finalState = hash2.final();
// Two sets of transformations based on the length of the password
for (int i = password.size(); i > 0; i -= 16) {
// Update hash1 from offset value (i > 16 ? 16 : i)
hash1.update(finalState.toByteArray().left(i > 16 ? 16 : i));
}
// Clear array bits
finalState.fill(0);
for (int i = password.size(); i != 0; i = i >> 1) {
if ((i & 1) != 0) {
hash1.update(finalState.toByteArray().left(1));
} else {
hash1.update(password.toByteArray().left(1));
}
}
finalState = hash1.final();
// Now build a 1000 entry dictionary...
for (int i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
hash2.clear();
if ((i & 1) != 0) {
hash2.update(password);
} else {
hash2.update(finalState.toByteArray().left(16));
}
if ((i % 3) != 0) {
hash2.update(salt);
}
if ((i % 7) != 0) {
hash2.update(password);
}
if ((i & 1) != 0) {
hash2.update(finalState.toByteArray().left(16));
} else {
hash2.update(password);
}
finalState = hash2.final();
}
// Create an output string
// Salt is part of the encoded password ($1$<string>$)
QString encodedString;
encodedString.append(QString::fromLatin1(magic_string.toByteArray()));
encodedString.append(QString::fromLatin1(salt.toByteArray()));
encodedString.append(QStringLiteral("$"));
long l;
l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(0)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(6))) << 8 |
byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(12)));
encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(1)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(7))) << 8 |
byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(13)));
encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(2)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(8))) << 8 |
byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(14)));
encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(3)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(9))) << 8 |
byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(15)));
encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(4)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(10))) << 8 |
byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(5)));
encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
l = byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(11));
encodedString.append(to64(l, 2));
return encodedString;
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
// the Initializer object sets things up, and
// also does cleanup when it goes out of scope
QCoreApplication app(argc, argv);
QCA::SecureArray password, salt;
if (argc < 3) {
printf("Usage: %s password salt (salt without $1$)\n", argv[0]);
return 1;
}
password.append(argv[1]);
salt.append(argv[2]);
// must always check that an algorithm is supported before using it
if (!QCA::isSupported("md5"))
printf("MD5 hash not supported!\n");
else {
QString result = qca_md5crypt(password, salt);
printf("md5crypt [ %s , %s ] = '%s'\n", password.data(), salt.data(), qPrintable(result));
// this is equivalent if you have GNU libc 2.0
// printf( "GNU md5crypt [ %s , %s ] = '%s'\n", password.data(), salt.data(), crypt( password.data(), (
// "$1$"+salt ).data() ) );
}
return 0;
}
void clear()
Clears the contents of the array and makes it empty.
QCA_EXPORT void init()
Initialise QCA.
void fill(char fillChar, int fillToPosition=-1)
Fill the data array with a specified character.
QByteArray toByteArray() const
Copy the contents of the secure array out to a standard QByteArray.
char at(int i) const const
QByteArray left(int len) const const
QString fromLatin1(const char *str, int size)
QCA_EXPORT bool isSupported(const char *features, const QString &provider=QString())
Test if a capability (algorithm) is available.
const QChar at(int position) const const
SecureArray & append(const SecureArray &a)
Append a secure byte array to the end of this array.
QString & append(QChar ch)
int size() const
Returns the number of bytes in the array.
char * data()
Pointer to the data in the secure array.
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