QCA

md5crypt.cpp
1/*
2 Copyright (C) 2007 Carlo Todeschini - Metarete s.r.l. <info@metarete.it>
3
4 Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
5 of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
6 in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
7 to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
8 copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
9 furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
10
11 The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
12 all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
13
14 THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
15 IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
16 FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
17 AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
18 AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
19 CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
20*/
21
22/*
23 Algorithm inspired by Vladimir Silva's "Secure Java apps on Linux using
24 MD5 crypt" article
25 (http://www-128.ibm.com/developerworks/linux/library/l-md5crypt/)
26*/
27
28#include <QCoreApplication>
29#include <QtCrypto>
30#include <QtDebug>
31#include <cstdio>
32
33#ifdef QT_STATICPLUGIN
34#include "import_plugins.h"
35#endif
36
37QString to64(long v, int size)
38{
39 // Character set of the encrypted password: A-Za-z0-9./
40 QString itoa64 = QStringLiteral("./0123456789ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz");
41 QString result;
42
43 while (--size >= 0) {
44 result.append(itoa64.at((int)(v & 0x3f)));
45 v = v >> 6;
46 }
47
48 return result;
49}
50
51int byte2unsigned(int byteValue)
52{
53 int integerToReturn;
54 integerToReturn = (int)byteValue & 0xff;
55 return integerToReturn;
56}
57
58QString qca_md5crypt(const QCA::SecureArray &password, const QCA::SecureArray &salt)
59{
60 QCA::SecureArray finalState, magic_string = "$1$";
61
62 // The md5crypt algorithm uses two separate hashes
63 QCA::Hash hash1(QStringLiteral("md5"));
64 QCA::Hash hash2(QStringLiteral("md5"));
65
66 // MD5 Hash #1: pwd, magic string and salt
67 hash1.update(password);
68 hash1.update(magic_string);
69 hash1.update(salt);
70
71 // MD5 Hash #2: password, salt, password
72 hash2.update(password);
73 hash2.update(salt);
74 hash2.update(password);
75
76 finalState = hash2.final();
77
78 // Two sets of transformations based on the length of the password
79 for (int i = password.size(); i > 0; i -= 16) {
80 // Update hash1 from offset value (i > 16 ? 16 : i)
81 hash1.update(finalState.toByteArray().left(i > 16 ? 16 : i));
82 }
83
84 // Clear array bits
85 finalState.fill(0);
86
87 for (int i = password.size(); i != 0; i = i >> 1) {
88 if ((i & 1) != 0) {
89 hash1.update(finalState.toByteArray().left(1));
90 } else {
91 hash1.update(password.toByteArray().left(1));
92 }
93 }
94
95 finalState = hash1.final();
96
97 // Now build a 1000 entry dictionary...
98 for (int i = 0; i < 1000; i++) {
99 hash2.clear();
100
101 if ((i & 1) != 0) {
102 hash2.update(password);
103 } else {
104 hash2.update(finalState.toByteArray().left(16));
105 }
106
107 if ((i % 3) != 0) {
108 hash2.update(salt);
109 }
110
111 if ((i % 7) != 0) {
112 hash2.update(password);
113 }
114
115 if ((i & 1) != 0) {
116 hash2.update(finalState.toByteArray().left(16));
117 } else {
118 hash2.update(password);
119 }
120
121 finalState = hash2.final();
122 }
123
124 // Create an output string
125 // Salt is part of the encoded password ($1$<string>$)
126 QString encodedString;
127
128 encodedString.append(QString::fromLatin1(magic_string.toByteArray()));
129 encodedString.append(QString::fromLatin1(salt.toByteArray()));
130 encodedString.append(QStringLiteral("$"));
131
132 long l;
133
134 l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(0)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(6))) << 8 |
135 byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(12)));
136 encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
137
138 l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(1)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(7))) << 8 |
139 byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(13)));
140 encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
141
142 l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(2)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(8))) << 8 |
143 byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(14)));
144 encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
145
146 l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(3)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(9))) << 8 |
147 byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(15)));
148 encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
149
150 l = (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(4)) << 16 | (byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(10))) << 8 |
151 byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(5)));
152 encodedString.append(to64(l, 4));
153
154 l = byte2unsigned(finalState.toByteArray().at(11));
155 encodedString.append(to64(l, 2));
156
157 return encodedString;
158}
159
160int main(int argc, char **argv)
161{
162 // the Initializer object sets things up, and
163 // also does cleanup when it goes out of scope
165
166 QCoreApplication app(argc, argv);
167
168 QCA::SecureArray password, salt;
169
170 if (argc < 3) {
171 printf("Usage: %s password salt (salt without $1$)\n", argv[0]);
172 return 1;
173 }
174
175 password.append(argv[1]);
176
177 salt.append(argv[2]);
178
179 // must always check that an algorithm is supported before using it
180 if (!QCA::isSupported("md5"))
181 printf("MD5 hash not supported!\n");
182 else {
183 QString result = qca_md5crypt(password, salt);
184
185 printf("md5crypt [ %s , %s ] = '%s'\n", password.data(), salt.data(), qPrintable(result));
186
187 // this is equivalent if you have GNU libc 2.0
188 // printf( "GNU md5crypt [ %s , %s ] = '%s'\n", password.data(), salt.data(), crypt( password.data(), (
189 // "$1$"+salt ).data() ) );
190 }
191
192 return 0;
193}
General class for hashing algorithms.
Definition qca_basic.h:209
Convenience method for initialising and cleaning up QCA.
Definition qca_core.h:660
Secure array of bytes.
Definition qca_tools.h:317
int size() const
Returns the number of bytes in the array.
char * data()
Pointer to the data in the secure array.
QByteArray toByteArray() const
Copy the contents of the secure array out to a standard QByteArray.
void fill(char fillChar, int fillToPosition=-1)
Fill the data array with a specified character.
void clear()
Clears the contents of the array and makes it empty.
SecureArray & append(const SecureArray &a)
Append a secure byte array to the end of this array.
void init(KXmlGuiWindow *window, KGameDifficulty *difficulty=nullptr)
QCA_EXPORT bool isSupported(const char *features, const QString &provider=QString())
Test if a capability (algorithm) is available.
char at(qsizetype i) const const
QByteArray left(qsizetype len) const const
QString & append(QChar ch)
const QChar at(qsizetype position) const const
QString fromLatin1(QByteArrayView str)
This file is part of the KDE documentation.
Documentation copyright © 1996-2024 The KDE developers.
Generated on Fri May 24 2024 11:53:51 by doxygen 1.10.0 written by Dimitri van Heesch, © 1997-2006

KDE's Doxygen guidelines are available online.