QCA

sslservtest.cpp

The code below shows how to create an SSL server.Note that this server returns a self-signed certificate for "example.com", and that the certificate is expired.

The design used here only allows for one connection at a time. If you want to allow for more, you should probably create a "TlsConnection" object that agregates a QCA::TLS object and a QTcpSocket (plus a little bit of state information) that handles a single connection. Then just create a TlsConnection for each server connection.

/*
Copyright (C) 2003 Justin Karneges <[email protected]>
Copyright (C) 2006 Brad Hards <[email protected]>
Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN
CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.
*/
#include <QtCrypto>
#include <QCoreApplication>
#include <QDebug>
#include <QHostAddress>
#include <QTcpServer>
#include <QTcpSocket>
#include <QTimer>
#ifdef QT_STATICPLUGIN
#include "import_plugins.h"
#endif
char pemdata_cert[] =
"-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\n"
"MIICeTCCAeKgAwIBAgIRAKKKnOj6Aarmwf0phApitVAwDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEFBQAw\n"
"ODELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxFDASBgNVBAoTC0V4YW1wbGUgT3JnMRMwEQYDVQQDEwpF\n"
"eGFtcGxlIENBMB4XDTA2MDMxNTA3MDU1MloXDTA3MDMxNTA3MDU1MlowOjEVMBMG\n"
"A1UEAxMMRXhhbXBsZSBVc2VyMQswCQYDVQQGEwJVUzEUMBIGA1UEChMLRXhhbXBs\n"
"ZSBPcmcwgZ8wDQYJKoZIhvcNAQEBBQADgY0AMIGJAoGBAPkKn0FfHMvRZv+3uFcw\n"
"VrOadJmANzLVeVW/DHZp4CXokXSksM66ZMqFuQRBk5rnIZZpZmVp1tTRDVt9sEAY\n"
"YNa8CRM4HXkVlU0lCKdey18CSq2VuSvNtw8dDpoBmQt3nr9tePvKHnpS3nm6YjR2\n"
"NEvIKt1P4mHzYXLmwoF24C1bAgMBAAGjgYAwfjAdBgNVHQ4EFgQUmQIdzyDaPYWF\n"
"fPJ8PPOOm1eSsucwHwYDVR0jBBgwFoAUkCglAizTO7iqwLeaO6r/8kJuqhMwDAYD\n"
"VR0TAQH/BAIwADAeBgNVHREEFzAVgRNleGFtcGxlQGV4YW1wbGUuY29tMA4GA1Ud\n"
"DwEB/wQEAwIF4DANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQUFAAOBgQAuhbiUgy2a++EUccaonID7eTJZ\n"
"F3D5qXMqUpQxlYxU8du+9AxDD7nFxTMkQC2pzfmEc1znRNmJ1ZeLRL72VYsVndcT\n"
"psyM8ABkvPp1d2jWIyccVjGpt+/RN5IPKm/YIbtIZcywvWuXrOp1lanVmppLfPnO\n"
"6yneBkC9iqjOv/+Q+A==\n"
"-----END CERTIFICATE-----\n";
char pemdata_privkey[] =
"-----BEGIN PRIVATE KEY-----\n"
"MIICdwIBADANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAASCAmEwggJdAgEAAoGBAPkKn0FfHMvRZv+3\n"
"uFcwVrOadJmANzLVeVW/DHZp4CXokXSksM66ZMqFuQRBk5rnIZZpZmVp1tTRDVt9\n"
"sEAYYNa8CRM4HXkVlU0lCKdey18CSq2VuSvNtw8dDpoBmQt3nr9tePvKHnpS3nm6\n"
"YjR2NEvIKt1P4mHzYXLmwoF24C1bAgMBAAECgYEAyIjJHDaeVXDU42zovyxpZE4n\n"
"PcOEryY+gdFJE8DFgUD4f1huFsj4iCuNg+PaG42p+hf9IARNvSho/RcEaVg4AJrV\n"
"jRP8r7fSqcIGr6lGuvDFFv3SU5ddy84g5oqLYGKvuPSHMGfVsZSxAwOrzD4bH19L\n"
"SNqtNcpdBsBd7ZiEE4ECQQD/oJGui9D5Dx3QVcS+QV4F8wuyN9jYIANmX/17o0fl\n"
"BL0bwRU4RICwadrcybi5N0JQLIYSUm2HGqNvAJbtnuQxAkEA+WeYLLYPeawcy+WU\n"
"kGcOR7BUjHiG71+6cvU4XIDW2bezA04fqWXkZRFAwHTMpQb785/XalFftgS21kql\n"
"8yLDSwJAHkeT2hwftdDPlEUEmBDAJW5DvWmWGwu3u2G1cfbGZl9oUyhM7ixXHg57\n"
"6VlPs0jTZxHPE86FwNIr99MXDbCbkQJBAMDFOJK+ecGirXNP1P+0GA6DFSap9inJ\n"
"BRTbwx+EmgwX966DUOefEOSpbDIVVSPs/Qr2LgtIMEFA7Y0+j3wZD3cCQBsTwccd\n"
"ASQx59xakpq11eOlTYz14rjwodr4QMyj26WxEPJtz7hKokx/+EH6fWuPIUSrROM5\n"
"07y2gaVbYxtis0s=\n"
"-----END PRIVATE KEY-----\n";
class SecureServer : public QObject
{
public:
enum
{
Idle,
Handshaking,
Closing
};
SecureServer(quint16 _port)
: port(_port)
{
server = new QTcpServer;
connect(server, &QTcpServer::newConnection, this, &SecureServer::server_handleConnection);
ssl = new QCA::TLS;
connect(ssl, &QCA::TLS::handshaken, this, &SecureServer::ssl_handshaken);
connect(ssl, &QCA::TLS::readyRead, this, &SecureServer::ssl_readyRead);
connect(ssl, &QCA::TLS::readyReadOutgoing, this, &SecureServer::ssl_readyReadOutgoing);
connect(ssl, &QCA::TLS::closed, this, &SecureServer::ssl_closed);
connect(ssl, &QCA::TLS::error, this, &SecureServer::ssl_error);
privkey = QCA::PrivateKey::fromPEM(QString::fromLatin1(pemdata_privkey));
mode = Idle;
}
~SecureServer() override
{
delete ssl;
delete server;
}
void start()
{
if (cert.isNull()) {
qDebug() << "Error loading cert!";
QTimer::singleShot(0, this, &SecureServer::quit);
return;
}
if (privkey.isNull()) {
qDebug() << "Error loading private key!";
QTimer::singleShot(0, this, &SecureServer::quit);
return;
}
if (false == server->listen(QHostAddress::Any, port)) {
qDebug() << "Error binding to port " << port;
QTimer::singleShot(0, this, &SecureServer::quit);
return;
}
qDebug() << "Listening on port" << port;
}
void quit();
private Q_SLOTS:
void sock_readyRead()
{
QByteArray buf(sock->bytesAvailable(), 0x00);
int num = sock->read(buf.data(), buf.size());
if (-1 == num)
qDebug() << "Error reading data from socket";
if (num < buf.size())
buf.resize(num);
ssl->writeIncoming(buf);
}
void server_handleConnection()
{
// Note: only 1 connection supported at a time in this example!
if (mode != Idle) {
QTcpSocket *tmp = server->nextPendingConnection();
tmp->close();
qDebug() << "throwing away extra connection";
return;
}
mode = Handshaking;
sock = server->nextPendingConnection();
connect(sock, &QTcpSocket::readyRead, this, &SecureServer::sock_readyRead);
connect(sock, &QTcpSocket::disconnected, this, &SecureServer::sock_disconnected);
#if QT_VERSION >= QT_VERSION_CHECK(5, 15, 0)
connect(sock, &QTcpSocket::errorOccurred, this, &SecureServer::sock_error);
#else
connect(sock, QOverload<QAbstractSocket::SocketError>::of(&QTcpSocket::error), this, &SecureServer::sock_error);
#endif
connect(sock, &QTcpSocket::bytesWritten, this, &SecureServer::sock_bytesWritten);
qDebug() << "Connection received! Starting TLS handshake.";
ssl->setCertificate(cert, privkey);
ssl->startServer();
}
void sock_disconnected()
{
qDebug() << "Connection closed.";
}
void sock_bytesWritten(qint64 x)
{
if (mode == Active && sent) {
qint64 bytes = ssl->convertBytesWritten(x);
bytesLeft -= bytes;
if (bytesLeft == 0) {
mode = Closing;
qDebug() << "Data transfer complete - SSL shutting down";
ssl->close();
}
}
}
{
qDebug() << "Socket error: " << (unsigned)error;
}
void ssl_handshaken()
{
qDebug() << "Successful SSL handshake. Waiting for newline.";
bytesLeft = 0;
sent = false;
mode = Active;
ssl->continueAfterStep();
}
void ssl_readyRead()
{
ssl->read();
"<html>\n"
"<head><title>Test</title></head>\n"
"<body>this is only a test</body>\n"
"</html>\n";
qDebug() << "Sending test response.";
sent = true;
ssl->write(b);
}
void ssl_readyReadOutgoing()
{
int plainBytes;
QByteArray outgoingData = ssl->readOutgoing(&plainBytes);
sock->write(outgoingData);
}
void ssl_closed()
{
qDebug() << "Closing socket.";
sock->close();
mode = Idle;
}
void ssl_error()
{
if (ssl->errorCode() == QCA::TLS::ErrorHandshake) {
qDebug() << "SSL Handshake Error! Closing.";
sock->close();
} else {
qDebug() << "SSL Error! Closing.";
sock->close();
}
mode = Idle;
}
private:
quint16 port;
QTcpServer * server;
QTcpSocket * sock;
QCA::TLS * ssl;
QCA::PrivateKey privkey;
bool sent;
int mode;
qint64 bytesLeft;
};
#include "sslservtest.moc"
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
QCoreApplication app(argc, argv);
int port = argc > 1 ? QString::fromLatin1(argv[1]).toInt() : 8000;
if (!QCA::isSupported("tls")) {
qDebug() << "TLS not supported!";
return 1;
}
SecureServer *server = new SecureServer(port);
QObject::connect(server, &SecureServer::quit, &app, &QCoreApplication::quit);
server->start();
app.exec();
delete server;
return 0;
}
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